Category: Geography

Where in the world are all the countries beginning with G?

Countries Starting with G

Gabon – central African country on the West coast. The Equator runs straight through the centre of the country. Borders with Equatorial Guinea, Republic of the Congo and Cameroon.

The Gambia – The Gambia is a tiny country in North West Africa (15-30 miles wide by 295 miles long). It is the smallest country on the African mainland. It is surrounded by Senegal other than a short coastline to the Atlantic. There is a long river running West through the whole of Gambia to the Atlantic Ocean. The Gambia River is 700 miles (1,120 km) long and starts in Guinea flow through Senegeal and finally through the Gambia to the Atlantic Ocean.

Georgia – another one of those Eurasia countries, situated where Western Asia meets Eastern Europe. Borders with Russia, Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan. The Wester of Georgia is a large coast in the Black Sea.

Germany – Germany is a large Western European country. Borders with the following nine countries; Denmark to the North, Poland and Czech Republic to the East, Austria and Switzerland to the South, France to the South West and Luxembourg, The Netherlands and  Belgium to the West. Germany features two North Sea coastlines with a chunk of Denmark in between.

Ghana – Ghana is located on the West of Africa and sits on the Gulf of Guinea. Borders to the West with Cote de Ivoire, North with Burkina Faso and East with Togo.

Greece – located in South Eastern Europe, Greece has thousands of islands in the Aegean and Ionian Seas. Borders with Albania, North Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey.

Grenada – Grenada is a Caribbean country in the West Indies. It consists of the island of Grenada plus six other islands. Grenada is Northeast of Venezuela.

Guatemala – Central American country located south of Mexico. Borders with Mexico, Belize, Honduras and El Salvador.

Guinea – Guinea is one of many small countries in North West Africa sitting on the coast into the Atlantic Ocean. Border with Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote de Ivoire, Mali, Senegal and Guinea-Bissau.

Guinea-Bissau – With an Atlantic coastline, Guinea- Bissau is located on West Africa’s coast. Borders with Senegal, Mali and Guinea.

Guyana – South American country with a North Atlantic coastline. Borders with Brazil to the South and Southwest, Venezuela to the West and Suriname to the East.


Where are all the countries in the world beginning with D, E and F?

Countries Starting with D

Denmark – Denmark is a Scandinavian country. It lies South West of Sweden and there is a bridge between Denmark and Sweden called the Oresund Bridge. This is an amazing bridge which is 5 miles long and meets an artificial island that turns into a tunnel that stretches another 2.5 miles. Denmark has a border to the South with Germany. Until recently I did not realise that you can drive from mainland Europe to Scandinavia. I seem to recall looking across a stretch of water whilst in Germany and seeing Denmark, but I may be wrong. Denmark includes an archipelago (loving that word, meaning a series of islands) of 443 named islands. Greenland and the Faroe Islands are recognised as part of the kingdom of Denmark.

Djibouti – small African country that lies to the East of Central Africa. There is a horn shape that is part of Somalia and Djibuti is just North West of this. Yemen lies just a few miles to the East over the Gulf of Aden. Interestingly there are plans to create a “Bridge of the Horns” across this stretch, however plans have all gone quiet, presumably due to troubles in Yemen. Djibuti has borders with Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia.

Dominica – Dominica is a Caribbean island that lies in the middle of the Caribbean islands. The island sits between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. Dominica is South of Guadeloupe and North of Martinique and St Lucia.

Dominican Republic – Dominican Republic is a Caribbean nation that shares a border with Haiti to the West. The whole island is called Hispaniola.


Countries Starting with E

East Timor – East Timor (Timor-Leste) sits between Indonesia and North West Australia. Mainland Australia is less than 500 km away. East Timor is part of an island. West Timor is the Indonesian part of the island. Formerly a Portuguese colony, East Timor declared independence in 1975 then was invaded and occupied by Indonesia. Now it is a sovereign state and is part of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.

Ecuador – Ecuador sits on the Equator in South America. North of Peru and South of Colombia, Ecuador features a coast to the West. It also encompasses islands including the Galapagos Islands. A song called “Ecuador” was released in 1997 by German DJ Sash! I cannot recall any of the lyrics, other than the word “Ecuador”, however there are Spanish lyrics that refer to the magical sounds of Ecuador.

Egypt – Egypt is located in North East Africa and links Africa to the Middle East. There is a coastline to the North and the East. Egypt is a Mediterranean country and has a border with Sudan and Libya.

El Salvador – El Salvador is a Central American country to the West of Honduras and South of Guatemala. It is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America. The population was 6.34 million in 2016. The West coast of El Salvador is situated in the Pacific Ocean.

Equatorial Guinea – Equatorial Guinea is situated in Central Africa. Equatorial Guinea’s West coastline is located in the South Atlantic Ocean. To the North is a border with Cameroon and to the South is a border with Gabon.

Eritrea -Situated on the North East coast of Africa. Eritrea is located on the Red Sea coast and across the Red Sea lies Yemen and Saudi Arabia. Eritrea has borders with Ethiopia, Sudan and Djibouti

Estonia – Estonia is referred to as Northern European and Eastern European. It lies North of Latvia and also features a border with Russia to the East. Latvia includes over 2,000 islands in the Baltic Sea.

Ethiopia – Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the central Eastern part of Africa. It is located in the ‘Horn of Africa’ and borders Eritrea to the North, Djibouti and Somalia to the East, Sudan and South Sudan to the West and Kenya to the South.


Countries Starting with F

Fiji – a tiny island in the South Pacific to the East of Papua New Guinea.

Finland – Finland is a Scandinavian nation that sits between Sweden to the East, Norway to the North and Russia to the East. Finland has a coastline to the South in the Baltic Sea.

France – France is a large star-shaped (or hexagon shaped) country in Western Europe. Three of the six edges are coastline (English Channel, Bay of Biscay and Mediterranean). At the closest point, France is just 20 miles (33km) over the water from England across the English Channel. Our European neighbour has eight land borders with Spain, Andorra, Italy, Germany, Luxembourg, Monaco, Switzerland and Belgium.


If you would like to discover some more locations of countries, then check out my guide to locating countries beginning with A and countries beginning with B and countries beginning with C.

Where in the world are the countries beginning with C?

Countries Starting with C

Continuing my theme of locating all the countries throughout the world, this is a list of all the countries beginning with C. There are 18 countries beginning with C, including 8 in Africa. There is one that I have never heard of before (Comoros).

Cabo Verde – more commonly known as Cape Verde (Green Cape), this series of islands is located off the North West coast of mainland Africa. It is an African nation that lies West of mainland Senegal. Cabo Verde is located in the Atlantic, South West of the Canary Islands.

Cambodia – Asian nation with a coastline on the Gulf of Thailand. Borders with Thailand to the North West, Laos to the North East and Vietnam to the East.

Cameroon – Central African country with a Western coastline on the Gulf of Guinea. Several borders to the North, East and South of the country.

Canada – North American country, North of the United States of America. Canada is the second largest country by area and sits in the Atlantic on the West and the Pacific to the East. Widely varying climates range from hot summers in the south to arctic weather in the North (stretches to the Arctic Circle in the North). It is unknown how many islands there are in Canada, but it estimated to be over 30,000.

Central African Republic – landlocked country in central Africa. Borders with Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Republic of Congo and Cameroon. As one of the top ten poorest countries in the world, Central African Republic is thought to be the unhealthiest country in the world and the worst country to be young.

Chad – landlocked country in North Central Africa. Borders with Libya, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria and Niger. Chad is known as the Babel Tower of the World due its cultural diversity. Chad has over 200 ethnic groups and 100 recognised languages spoken in the country.

Chile – long, narrow country in South America that sits South of Peru and runs alongside Argentina to the East. Also borders Bolivia. The country has over 6,000km of Pacific Ocean coastline. There are around 3,000 volcanoes in Chile and about 36 of these are active.

China – massive country in East Asia sitting South of Mongolia. China is the most populous country in the world with about 1.4 billion people. China borders 14 countries (shares the record for most borders with Russia). A large Eastern coastline sits on the Yellow Sea, East China Sea and South China Sea.

Colombia – South American country that has a small join with Panama to the North West. Further borders with Venezuela, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador. With coastlines in the Caribbean Sea to the North and the Pacific to the West.

Comoros – African country that I’ve never heard of. Comoros is an Archipelago (extensive group of islands) in the Indian Ocean off Africa’s East coast. Mozambique sits to the West of Comoros and Madagascar is located South East of Comoros.

Congo, Democratic Republic of the – formerly Zaire (1971-1997), DRC is situated in Central Africa. A large country, DRC is the eleventh largest country in the world. DRC lies on the Equator with about a third of the country North of the Equator and two thirds to the South. DRC has a small coastline (37 km) to the West into the Atlantic.

Congo, Republic of the – a country in Central Africa, Republic of the Congo has borders with five countries (Gabon, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola). Republic of the Congo features a small coastline on the Atlantic Ocean to the South West of the country.

Costa Rica – Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Borders with Nicaragua to the North and Panama to the South.

Cote d’Ivoire – my only familiarity with the Ivory Coast is thanks to the World Cup and their football team. I seem to recall that their flag is easily confused with the Irish flag. Having checked this, the Cote d’Ivoire flag is orange, white and green stripes where Ireland’s is green, white and orange. Located on the South coast of West Africa, it borders Guinea, Liberia, Burkina Faso, Mali and Ghana.

Croatia – located in central and Southeast Europe, Croatia has borders with Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro. The Adriatic Sea separates Croatia from Italy which lies to the West of Croatia. Croatia consists of over a thousand islands and islets, 48 of which are permanently inhabited.

Cuba – located in the Northern Caribbean, Cuba includes the island of Cuba, Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. The country lies South of Miami and East of Cancun in Mexico. Cuba is situated where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean meet.

Cyprus – I’ve always thought the country of Cyprus looks like a stingray. Cyprus is a small European island which lies West of Syria. Cyprus is located in the Eastern Mediterranean, South of Turkey.

Czech Republic – landlocked country in central Europe, Czech Republic has borders with Germany, Austria, Slovakia and Poland.

Previous posts include Where in the world are all the countries beginning with A? and Where in the world are all countries beginning with B?


The Bestest Superlatives in Geography

Due to my poor knowledge of Geography, I am trying to improve my awareness of the world and world facts. I began by identifying all the countries in the world, then I worked on locating them all, starting with countries beginning with A. I added a further post describing the locations of all countries beginning with B. This exercise is proving more time-consuming than I expected. Rather than plod on through countries beginning with C, I thought I’d look at some top Geography facts. Biggest, longest, highest, all the great bestest superlatives relating to the world.

Top World Facts

All the top facts relating to the biggest and bestest superlatives in the world:

  1. Largest continent – Asia – 17, 212, 000 square miles
  2. Smallest continent – Australia – 3, 132, 000 square miles
  3. Largest country – Russia – 6, 592, 735 square miles
  4. Smallest country – Vatican City – 0.17 square miles
  5. Largest city (population) – Tokyo – 38 million (Dec 2016)
  6. Largest ocean – Pacific – 70 million square miles (181.4 million square km)
  7. Smallest ocean – Arctic Ocean – 5, 427, 000 square miles
  8. Longest river – Nile (North/East Africa) – 4,145 miles
  9. Largest river by area – Amazon (c. 2.7 million square miles)
  10. Largest lake – Caspian Sea (Russia, Kazakhstan, Iran) 18,880 cubic metres
  11. Highest mountain – Mount Everest, The Himalayas, Nepal – 8,850 m (29, 035 feet) above sea level
  12. Coldest recorded temperature – Vostok, Antartica -128.6 F
  13. Hottest recorded temperature – Al Aziziyah, Libya 58 C (136.4 F) recorded in 1922
  14. Highest waterfall – Angel Falls (Venezuela) 978 m (3,209 feet)
  15. Largest island – Greenland (part of Denmark) – 822,500 square miles
  16. Biggest desert – Sahara 3, 500, 000 sq miles (9 million square km)

The above list includes many of the top superlative geography facts.

How about some other interesting Geography facts to blow your mind?

Interesting World Facts

  1. Australia is wider than the moon – Moon 2,100 miles (3,400 km) diameter, Australia 2,485 miles (4,000 km) diameter.
  2. Russia and the US are only 2.5 miles (4km) apart geographically at their closest point, but there is a 21 hour time difference between them.
  3. There are only 2 countries in the world that are double land-locked, ie you need to travel through 2 countries to reach the sea – Uzbekistan and Liechtenstein (some argue that the Caspian Sea disqualifies Uzbekistan, however this is widely regarded as a big lake, biggest in the world, see above).
  4. Glaciers store about 75% of the planet’s fresh water.
  5. There are 11 states in the US which are larger than the UK.
  6. The Pacific Ocean is shrinking while the Atlantic is getting wider.
  7. Continents shift at about the same rate as your fingernails grow.
  8. The Dead Sea is currently 429 metres below sea level and sinking about 1 metre a year.
  9. Russia spans 11 time zones.
  10. More than half the world’s population lives in India, China and a few other South East Asian countries.
  11. There are no bridges across the Amazon, the biggest river of the world (largest by area, see above).
  12. The shortest name of a place is ‘A’. There are several villages with this name in Scandinavia and the letter features a little circle above it that I can’t type. It means ‘river’. There are other one letter names of places including ‘U’ a place in Tibet. ‘O’ is the name of a river in Devon, England.

So, there’s a bunch of interesting facts that I should try to remember for my pub quiz.

Where in the world are all the countries beginning with B?

Countries Starting with B

Following on from my previous post about the location of countries starting with A, I am now moving on to countries beginning with B. There’s quite a few to get through so I’d best grab my globe and get on Google. In fact, there are seventeen countries beginning with B and one that I have never heard of – Benin.

The Bahamas – located in the Atlantic Ocean, the Bahamas are just off the South East coast of Florida. This collection of islands includes over 700 islands. Cuba sits South of the Bahamas.

Bahrain – based in the Middle East, Bahrain is a small island, which is close to Qatar. Bahrain sits in the Persian Gulf to the East of Saudi Arabia.

Bangladesh – Bangladesh is to the East of India with a coastline in the Bay of Bengal. There is a small border with Myanmar to the East of Bangladesh.

Barbados – a small island in the Caribbean, Barbados is one of the Eastern islands. East of St Vincent and the Grenadines.

Belarus – an Eastern European country with borders to Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Latvia.

Belgium – Belgium is an interesting country with three distinct regions. Dutch-speaking Flanders is to the North, French-speaking Wallonia is to the South and the German-speaking region to the East. I was amazed to see road signs in all three languages on different coloured signposts whilst trying to navigate through Bruges and ended up driving down the tram line.

Belize – Central American country with bordering Mexico to the North West. Belize also has a border with Guatemala to the South and West. I had a friend from Belize at college who had the strangest sense of humour. When studying Spanish grammar, he was asked “What do we need to be careful of?” He answered “crossing the road?” seemingly serious. I also recall him marking my vocabulary test and insisting that my dodgy answers where actually local dialect in Belize, despite me having simply guessed a word.

Benin – I have never heard of the country of Benin, but I have discovered that it is situated in West Africa. Borders with Togo, Burkina Faso, Niger and Nigeria. Interestingly Benin is the birthplace of Voodoo (vodun religion).

Bhutan – based in South Asia, Bhutan sits on the Eastern edge of the Himalayas,. It is a landlocked country, which is North of Bangladesh.

Bolivia – landlocked country in  the centre of South America. Bordered by Peru, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina and Chile. Bolivia incorporates desert, rainforest and mountains (Andes Mountains).

Bosnia and Hertzegovina – based in southeastern Europe, Bosnia and Hertzegovina has borders with Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro. Bosnia has just 20km (12 miles) of coastline into the Adriatic Sea. Interestingly the presidency rotates between a Serb, a Muslim and a Croat every 8 months.

Botswana – based in South Africa, Botswana is a landlocked country with borders with South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Zambia (just  a few hundred metres long). A large portion of the country is desert (the Kalahari Desert).

Brazil – a huge country in South America, Brazil sits to the East. Significant coastline into the South Atlantic Ocean. Chile and Ecuador are the only South American countries to not border Brazil. This leaves Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.

Brunei – a tiny Asian country on the island of Borneo. There are two separate parts of the country with Malaysia running between them.

Bulgaria – Balkan country with coastline in the Black Sea. Borders with Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, Greece and Turkey. The Danube River passes through Bulgaria (also called ‘The Daube’ by my Geography teacher, incorrectly reading and copying from a textbook. No word of a lie, explains a lot!)

Burkina Faso – landlocked country in Western Africa. Borders with Mali and Niger to the North as well as various countries to the South. The name Burkina Faso means “land of incorruptible people”, which was adopted in 1984. Formerly known as Upper Volta.

Burundi – landlocked country in East Central Africa, Burundi is situated between Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda. Lake Takanyika is an African Great Lake and flows down the South West of Burundi.

My next list will be all the countries beginning with C. This is going to take some time!



Where in the world are all the countries beginning with A?

Following on from a previous post listing all the countries in alphabetical order, I am now going to locate each of them and attempt to describe where they are in the world. This is part of my attempt to improve my Geography knowledge as I am frequently embarrassed at my own ignorance. This is not a technical description, so if you’re looking for a professional country location description then you’re in the wrong place. This is simply an aid for me to remember for my monthly pub quiz and family games.

There’s loads to work through so I am going to tackle this one letter at a time.

So, where in the world are all the countries beginning with A…

Countries Starting with A

Afghanistan – landlocked country in Asia, sits between Iran (to West), Pakistan (to East), Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.

Albania – sits to the East of the heel of Italy’s boot across the sea. This Eastern European country features a large coastline (Ioanian Sea in the Mediterranean and the Adriatic sea) down the West side of the country. Borders with Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia and Greece. I don’t know much about the country of Albani, but I feel slightly more educated than Homer Simpson. There is a line in The Simpsons where someone refers to Albanians and Homer Simpson replies “All white with pink eyes?”

Algeria – large country in North Africa south of France with the Mediterranean between them. Borders with Morocco, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Libya and Tunisia.

Andorra – tiny little country sitting between France and Spain in the Pyrenees mountains.

Angola – Southern African nation with Western coastline (Atlantic Ocean). Borders with Namibia, Zambia and Democratic Republic of Congo. There is an extra bit lying separate to the main area of Angola (Pointe-Noire) sitting within DRC.

Antigua and Barbuda – country in the West Indies, lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It comprises the two major islands (Antigua and Barbuda) and several smaller ones. Puerto Rico and Deminican Republic sit to the North-West of these islands.

Argentina – large South American nation (most Southern) with thin Chile clinging to its West side. Largest Spanish speaking nation. 8th largest country in the world, 4th largest in the Americas. South Atlantic Ocean to the East.

Armenia – landlocked country with Turkey to the West, Georgia to the North and Azerbaijan to the East. Appears to be debatable whether Armenia is part of Europe or Asia as it sits where the two meet (some would say Eurasia).

Australia – large island in the Southern hemisphere. 6th largest country in the world. Surrounded by the Indian Ocean (to the West) and the Pacific Ocean (to the East). Australia/Oceania is the smallest continent of the seven continents.

Austria – landlocked country in Central Europe. Borders with Germany and Czech Republic to the North, Italy, Switzerland, Slovenia, Hungary, Slovakia and Liechtenstein.

Azerbaijan – features a coastline to the East in the Caspian Sea. Borders with Russia and Georgia to the North, Iran to the South and Armenia to the South West. Like Armenia, Azerbaijan is classed as Eurasia sitting in Western Asia and Eastern Europe.


For a full list of all the countries in the world, go to my blog post Alphabetical list of all the countries in the world?

My next Geography boosting post will be finding where in the world are all the countries beginning with “B”? This quest could take a while!


Basic Geography – Countries in Alphabetical Order

Clever Clogs Family History

I come from a family of clever quizzers. My parents and my brother are pretty good at general knowledge questions. They can watch a quiz show and answer most of the questions. My grandfather won Mastermind and Brain of Britain. He also featured on a panel quiz called Ask Me Another in the 1950’s. This was a general knowledge quiz with a similar theme to Egg Heads. He was one of the ‘Egg Head’ clever people. Unfortunately, I am not in any way gifted in this field. Despite being proud of my grandfather, I don’t like to mention my family history. People naturally expect me to have inherited some skill for knowledge. My general knowledge is weak and embarrassing at times.

General Knowledge Failing

I have recently started going to a monthly pub quiz with my friend. This has highlighted my total lack of awareness of general knowledge. I have tried to read facts and remember them, but they just don’t go in. Sometimes I try to blame my kids as I think my head is so full of their routines and requirements on a weekly basis. Pre-school and after school clubs are a big part of our lives, along with the outfits, accessories and dates to remember that go along with them. I sometimes wonder if my head is full of these daily chores.

I seem to have a problem remembering basic facts. Names, dates and places simply will not stick. If I have a specific topic to learn, I can revise and remember it for a given test, however once the event has past, all that knowledge is gone.

New Year’s Resolution – Improve General Knowledge

Normally I don’t bother with New Year’s resolutions. However this year I decided I need to improve my general knowledge. I have started with a key weakness of mine – Geography. I simply don’t know where places are. We played Articulate over Christmas and I froze each time we landed on the Geography topic. I get totally confused between South American and African nations like Guyana (South America) and Guinea (Africa). I couldn’t remember whether Capon was a country or a kind of chicken.

GABON is a country along the Atlantic coast of central Africa. Interesting!

A CAPON is a cockerel that has been castrated to improve the quality of its flesh for food and in some countries fattened by force feeding. Yuck!

So, I have started making my way through countries alphabetically and finding them on the globe (or Google, which is quicker). I have decided to share some of my research here to help me remember it.

Countries Alphabetically

I know there are debates over what is classed as a country or a state. Also names of countries change from time to time. For my purposes, this is my list of 196 countries based on top hits on Google in January 2019.

Countries Starting with A






Antigua and Barbuda







Countries Starting with B

The Bahamas










Bosnia and Hertzegovina





Burkina Faso



Countries Starting with C

Cabo Verde




Central African Republic






Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Congo, Republic of the

Costa Rica

Cote d’Ivoire




Czech Republic


Countries Starting with D




Dominican Republic


Countries Starting with E

East Timor



El Salvador

Equatorial Guinea





Countries Starting with F





Countries Starting with G


The Gambia











Countries Starting with H





Countries Starting with I










Countries Starting with J





Countries Starting with K




Korea, North

Korea, South





Countries Starting with L











Countries Starting with M








Marshall Islands




Micronesia, Federal States of







Myanmar (Burma)


Countries Starting with N





New Zealand






Countries Starting with O



Countries Starting with P




Papua New Guinea







Countries Starting with Q



Countries Starting with R





Countries Starting with S

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines


San Marino

Sao Tome and Principe

Saudi Arabia




Sierra Leone




Soloman Islands


South Africa


Sri Lanka


Sudan, South







Countries Starting with T






Trinidad and Tobago






Countries Starting with U



United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

United States




Countries Starting with V


Vatican City




Countries Starting with Y



Countries Starting with Z



Wow, that is quite a list. Of course I could have copied and pasted the lot, but I thought typing them might help me remember them. Thanks to the site for that list. I will write a bit about each location in my next post in my own personal style. Now it’s time for a cuppa for me.